Working with wood encompasses a wide variety of tools, which vary according to the applicable project. Common tasks associated with woodworking are cutting, sanding, routing, drilling and engraving. Today's modern woodworking tools utilize motors driven by electricity, whereas traditional woodworking tools were manually operated. For this reason, woodworkers today have a great advantage over their predecessors, allowing them to complete projects in a fraction of the time it took using manually operated tools.
Table saws, scroll saws, jigsaws and circular saws are types of cutting tools commonly used in the woodworking process. A table saw is a saw blade and motor affixed to a table, which allows the operator to cut or rip pieces of wood by sliding the material across the surface of the table. A scroll saw uses a thin blade, which allows the operator to cut intricate patterns in the wood similar to a handheld jigsaw. Handheld cutting tools and circular saws are multipurpose cutting tools used by carpenters to cut lengths of board and plywood.
Sanding is a process that smoothes the surface of the applicable wood project. Types of sanders include the orbital sander, belt sander and oscillating tool. Handheld orbital sanders operate by a rotating head equipped with sandpaper. Belt sanders incorporate a sanding belt and are ideal for removing substantial amounts of material quickly. Finish sanding projects usually incorporate oscillating tools equipped with fine-grit sandpaper to smooth the surface. Because the oscillating tool does not rotate or spin, it eliminates swirl marks associated with orbital and belt sanders, making it ideal for finish work.
Routers are versatile tools favored by woodworkers. The two most common types are plunge and fixed-based routers. Router bits give the tool its versatility, allowing it to fashion a wide variety of profiles on the edges of wood, acrylic and other types of materials.
Many woodworking projects require drilling a hole at some point during the process. Drill presses are drills affixed to a stand, which allows the operator to drill precise holes in applicable projects. Handheld drills are more adept at drilling holes quickly when precision is not as important.
Common types of wood engraving tools are the chisel, drawknife and rotary tool. Chisels usually encompass a mallet used to strike the chisel handle to remove the material. Drawknives remove material by shaving the wood and are operated by applying pressure to the tool and drawing the knife toward the user. Handheld rotary tools are versatile tools that engrave, cut, rout, drill and sand. Various types of accessories fit into the tool to perform the different functions.
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