Plastic laminates are one of the most common countertop materials used in residential construction. They come in a wide assortment of colors, styles and textures to suit any application. You typically install laminate with contact cement, so you must cut the laminate a little larger than the ...
Formica countertops require special care after installation. The same is true for Formica before installation, especially when you cut a hole for the kitchen sink. Formica is a form of plastic laminate that comes in many colors and styles. The finish makes the difference in care. High-gloss ...
Collecting rocks is a satisfying hobby for many people. A rock saw is a favorite piece of equipment for serious collectors, and is used to cut pieces of rock in half or into thin slabs for crafts or jewelry-making. Fitted with a blade edged in bits of diamond, the saw grinds through pieces of rock ...
Cutting perfect cubes of wood requires repetitive steps that are simplified by the use of precision tools. Making square stock on a table saw uses the rip fence to set widths that can be repeated to create as many sticks as needed to produce the cubes. Use a miter saw to make the 90-degree cuts ...
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Wooden shelf brackets vary in shape and size as well as design. Many of them have decorative carvings that add to the décor of any shelving on any wall. Some of them require the consumer to drill holes to install them, while others come predrilled and have screws provided. Designing one yourself means routing or carving a pattern onto the sides of a piece of wood after cutting it to the desired size.
Rough gemstones are stones that have been lightly hammered and fractured to knock off uneven edges, sharp points, brittle pieces or other deformations. A stone that has been hammered into a rough shape is called a cobbed stone. Usually this is just the first stage in taking a stone into its final condition and shape. A polished stone is cut with saws, ground and sanded until it is smooth. Rough stones can be used in mosaics and other craft projects.
Polyvinyl chloride is a vinyl polymer plastic used in the production of plumbing and drainage pipe. This pipe has a hard surface that makes a strong, flexible pipe. The main challenge in cutting PVC is preventing chips. Chips occur when a large-tooth blade, or dull blade, is used, causing vibrations that result in snagging the edge of the cut pipe and causing splits and chips.
A mortise gauge is a woodworking tool that allows the woodworker to design mortise and tenon joints accurately so the two parts of the joint line up. The mortise is the square or rectangular hole in the piece of wood, while the tenon is the male piece that fits inside the mortise. The two pieces of wood must be marked accurately, and cut or carved very precisely for the joint to be strong.
Copper pipe has been used for many years in the installation of household water supply lines, due to its durability and refusal to corrode over time. Where cutting pipe was once done with a hacksaw, today the best tool of choice is a tubing cutter. This device comes with two small rollers on one jaw that the pipe rests against. A circular blade on its other jaw, when fitted properly against the pipe, creates a straight, clean cut.
Liquid Nails is a brand of strong adhesive. When using it, the manufacturer recommends always laying a drop cloth and keeping a wet rag handy to ensure you don't leave drips of the adhesive on unintended surfaces. If you've failed to do this, you'll have to work quickly to remove the dried Liquid Nails. Although the adhesive takes seven days to cure fully, it is tough to remove even within one hour. The longer you let it sit, the harder it is to remove. If it has cured fully, you'll need to manually remove it.
Vinyl flooring is a practical choice for high-traffic areas or in places where you need a water-resistant but inexpensive flooring option, such as a laundry room. Vinyl can be purchased quite cheaply, and most of the cost of installation generally covers the labor involved. Laying sheet vinyl, however, is not a difficult job. It involves cutting the vinyl correctly and using the correct type of adhesive. While very thin vinyl can be cut with sharp scissors, higher-quality products cut best with heat application and a strong blade.
Older homes were sometimes constructed using clay pipes for the sewer lines. Though no longer accepted by city building code regulations, the pipes worked well but proved to be easily broken. Existing clay pipes can be cut in four different ways, each way using a different type of cutting tool.
Linoleum flooring, also known as sheet vinyl flooring, is often a suitable choice for flooring in kitchens and bathrooms, where frequent spills and moisture exposure can cause damage. The ease of cleaning up linoleum nearly matches the ease of installation; the material is simply rolled into the room and glued down. However, measuring correctly and cutting the linoleum to fit are two key components of the installation that can make a big difference between success and failure.
Almost any power saw blade that is recommended for lumber will also cut composite wood. However, some blades are better suited for cutting composite wood. Since having the right tool for the job is important, you need to know which blades are best for which cutting jobs before selecting the blade for your project.
You can cut wooden letters with a variety of saws and other cutting tools designed for detailed work, including a band saw, scroll saw, jigsaw or handheld rotary tool. Typically, wooden letters are no more than 1/4-inch thick. With saws, always use a fine-tooth blade for the best control with thin material and to minimize splintering for the cleanest possible cuts. Wood letters should also be cut from plywood. It has uniform consistency and overlapping layers that allow it to remain stable even around tight curves.
Baseboard is the trim molding mounted along the floor. This type of trim used to be installed on all walls; the trim was used to hide the uneven crack between the wall and the floor. After carpet and drywall became common, the visibility of this crack diminished and baseboards on inexpensive homes were only installed on walls adjacent to hard surfaced flooring like linoleum, tile or wood. Installing baseboard throughout a house is a good investment and it can be accomplished without using a miter saw.
There's nothing fancy about a butt joint -- it's simply two pieces of wood butted together. The point where those two pieces of wood butt together has to be just so, either cut perfectly straight or at the exact same angle. When cutting wood with a hand saw, perfect cuts won't come naturally. Use a miter box, which angles the saw and holds the wood so that you get a perfect cut every time. Miter boxes are sold at hardware stores and home centers.
Although cutting lattice panels is similar to cutting other sheet goods, such as plywood, manufacturers fasten wooden lattice strips with metal staples. To avoid personal injury or damage to tools, you must remove staples along the lattice's cut line. Additionally, if you plan to attach lattice cap or dividers during final installation, you must increase the dimensions of your cut to accommodate the portion of lattice that fits within the cap or divider.
Arborite is a laminate manufacturer in Canada. They produce a large catalog of plastic laminate sheeting for use in installing kitchen countertops, facing cabinets and the like. Similar to other major brands of laminate, their products have a hard rugged shell and are very brittle when cut. There are many methods for cutting sheets down to size, depending on the cut being made.
Although the time involved in installation and maintenance sometimes exceeds that of metal or synthetic siding materials, traditional cedar shake still garners reverence from homeowners who enjoy its natural, rustic qualities. Installing cedar shake siding or replacing damaged or missing shingles from an existing shake wall commonly calls for cutting individual pieces of shake. Cut shake to fit areas where the current shake sizes do not fit, such as around windows, doors and vents.
Milling a slot in the ends of the table is needed to join a breadboard end to a table. You can make this slot using a variety of tools, however, an effective way is to use a rotary tool equipped with a plunge router attachment. Take your time setting up the tool to make the cut. Test out the cut on a scrap piece of wood first to avoid damaging your tabletop.
Tile installers set bullnose tiles wherever the field of tile ends, to provide a finished edge. Bullnose edging also sits at the front of a countertop or as trim pieces that sit atop tiles that only rise partially up the wall. Bullnose tiles are flat on the back, rounded on the front and have a finish that matches or coordinates with the rest of the tile. Some porcelain bullnose trim requires cutting to fit it into the space.
Posts that are 6-by-6-inch are actually roughly 5 1/2-inches square. The process of cutting with a powered miter saw entails turning the lumber over and cutting from all four sides. However, a regular circular saw with a 7 1/4-inch diameter blade will only cut to a depth of 2 1/4 inches. Cutting on all four sides still leaves roughly an inch of uncut wood in the middle of the post. This is alleviated with either a handsaw, or reciprocating saw.
One of the advantages drywall has over other wall coverings is it lends itself well to modifications. Because it cuts easily, making a large hole, such as one of the size you would need for a television alcove, is a quick project. It takes considerably longer, though, to modify the framing in the wall to accommodate a typical television. Most televisions are wider than the standard spacing between studs, so you'll have to cut through some of them and add supports. Moreover, you'll have to re-route any wires or pipes in the way.
Lexan is a tough, clear plastic-like material that can be used for windows, shields or anywhere a clear, durable product is needed. Sometimes refered to as Plexiglas, Lexan comes in several thicknesses, one of the most popular being 3/16 inch. Lexan can be cut with almost any saw, but problems arise if the wrong blade is used because of heat build-up and Lexan's low melting point. Use a fine-toothed blade and move slowly to cut Lexan properly.
Cutting rock can produce beautiful pieces for display, jewelry and home use. Using the proper tools and techniques for cutting stone make the process go more smoothly, preserves tools and creates attractive pieces. There are tools for cutting small gemstones and others for cutting larger stones such as granite, but there are similarities in the tools and techniques used for each.
You can make a pickup bike mount in minutes with fork blocks, which are small imitation axles that screw to 2-by-4s. After removing the front tire from your bike, the bike uses the fork blocks just as if it were the hub of the front tire. There's no need to screw the 2-by-4 to the pickup bed; the bike is completely secure standing up hitched to the stud. You still have plenty of room for the front tire and all your riding gear.
Guinea pig claws require careful trimming because a blood supply called the quick grows through the nail. Cutting the quick will cause the guinea pig to bleed and cause discomfort, though it isn't a serious injury. Each time the nail is trimmed, the quick recedes further back into the nail. Trimming once a month can help keep the guinea pig's claws shorter without risking damage to the quick.
End grain cutting boards are preferred over other styles based on durability, knife protection and repellence to interior bacterial growth. They are built by fusing end pieces of wood rails into a pattern that resembles an old-fashioned checkerboard, usually with varying shades of wood in the design.
You can cut and replace wood louvers. They are nothing more than straight wood sticks with a small radius on the corners. Typically, there is a small nylon or metal bushing on the end that is either screwed or pressed into the end; these also come off easily. Just select a long piece of dimensioned wood at the right thickness and width from your local home improvement store. Most louvers are standardized in dimension, and replacement sticks are easy to find. Buy one that is longer than you need.
While a standard circular saw's inflexible blade is ideal for cutting straight lines, tools with thin blades or spinning bits are capable of creating curves. Jigsaws and handheld rotary tools are common choices for cutting curved lines. The depth of the cut largely determines the right tool for the job. Tools that cut to a shallow depth can cut through thin material, such as plywood, and tools that create deep cuts penetrate through thick materials, such as framing lumber.
Metal pipes come in a variety of sizes and have many applications, such as drainage systems and fencing. Depending on the thickness and diameter of the pipe, several tools make cutting a simple task. The home repair handyman may be happy with a manual pipe cutter, but contractors may need a more sophisticated apparatus.
Bar stool heights vary from 24 to 30 inches. The lowest height is for standard height countertops. The higher height is for bar height counters. If your bar stools are too tall for your counter, cut them down to the amount that you need. It is important to recognize that your bar stool legs are cut at up to a 30-degree angle, which you will need to replicate in order for the stool to sit level and securely.
Preformed countertops join together with a simple butt joint. If either piece has a bad cut, it sticks out when the pieces are joined. Some countertops come from the factory with bad cut-lines, but typically, countertops are cut down by hand with a circular saw. Unless you are a professional -- and even if you are a professional -- it can be difficult to get the precision needed with a handheld circular saw. The cut may be jagged, chipped or rough. Fix it with a router.
The easiest methods for cutting sheet metal panels are not necessarily the simplest. While these methods result in controlled, accurate cuts with limited physical effort, they are typically limited to those with the training and resources to acquire the professional tools required. However, many methods for cutting sheet metal, such as roofing and siding panels, involve the use of hand and simple power tools that are within the reach of the average DIY sheet metal worker.
A moon sword is the type of crescent-shaped sword that pirates are often depicted using. These swords have a swooping crescent-shaped blade with a buckle-type handle guard. You can cut a moon sword out of a quality hardwood such as maple, cherry or mahogany and make the buckle-type handle guard from a stiff vinyl or leather strip. You can secure the bottom of the buckle to the bottom of the handle with a decorative screw-in wooden knob.
A cabochon is a gem or stone that has a rounded and polished surface instead of the faceted surface created when cutting and polishing gems such as diamonds or rubies. The cabochon is one of the oldest forms of lapidary work. Examples of glyptic cut cabochon stones date back to 7,000 B.C., according to Cochise College.
Silhouette numbers provide the street address or suite number for a residence or business. These numbers can be composed of many different materials, but most silhouette numbers are made of wood. Wood numbers are easier to make than those of steel or aluminum. The supplies to construct wood silhouette numbers are available at your local hardware store or home improvement center, and the stencils can be designed and printed from your computer and printer.
Hexagons are six-sided regular polygons that can be drawn using only a straightedge and a compass. Hexagonal geometry is very efficient because regular hexagons will tile a plane without gaps or inconsistencies. Cutting hexagons requires a basic understanding of geometry, as the six-sided form is defined by three sets of two parallel cuts, rotated at 60 degrees, or six cuts rotated at 120 degrees. Depending on the material you have chosen, you can cut the hexagons with a craft knife and straightedge, a radial saw or a table saw.
It is important to have cutting and other work tables at a comfortable height. Make your own table risers instead of purchasing an adjustable table or table risers. Simple, effective and affordable table risers can be made from basic PVC pipe. The standard U-leg tables used for cutting and crafting are well suited to this style of table riser, but you can use the risers on any cutting table. Adjust the length of the risers as needed for your height and table size.
Cutting blade radius is a term used to define saw blades in a band saw, keyhole saw, jigsaw or scroll saw. It determines how small, or "tight" a given blade will cut out a circle. Various tools and methods are used to cut a radius. The most important step however is to choose the appropriate tool for the task.
A dovetail, often known as a drawer joint for its common usage on drawer corners, is a wood working joint that has been used for centuries. It is named for its likeness to a dove's tail and is considered one of the strongest woodworking joints since the joint itself, and not additional fasteners, are what make it work. Once interlocked, the pieces of a dovetail are often stronger than the materials, which often break beside the joint rather than on it when pressure is applied.
A kick plate, which is located across the bottom of a door, protects the surface from shoe scuffs and everyday wear and tear. Kick plates are typically constructed of non-ferrous metals, such as brass, copper or aluminum. To cut a brass kick plate, you'll need a blade that can slice through light metals. You can use circular blades featuring closely spaced cutting teeth or abrasive carbon blades with a rotary tool to cut brass; each type of blade will create a smooth cutting line.
Whether you are cutting sheet metal in a factory or in your home workshop, your goal is to separate the sheet or remove a part of the sheet to obtain one or more usable parts. Like most jobs, the method and process you select to cut the metal can mean the difference between success and failure. Personal protective equipment such as gloves and eye protection should always be worn when cutting sheet metal.
Copper comes in sheets of varying thickness for craft and industrial use. When the copper sheet is thicker than .125 inch, it's called copper plate. While you can easily cut thin copper sheeting with metal shears or even scissors, cutting copper plate requires using a power tool such as a rotary tool equipped with a 1 1/4-inch fiberglass reinforced cut-off wheel accessory.
Solid cast iron can come in the form of griddles, old fireplaces or even wood-burning stoves. Cast iron is very tough and durable, and has been used in building construction for several hundred years. However, it also has a brittle nature, which is manipulated with a snap cutter tool when cutting through cast iron pipes. But when cutting through solid cast iron, a saw or cutting tool with a diamond saw blade is the best choice to make a cut in a straight line.
Electricians protect exterior, exposed or buried electrical cables within a series of connected tubes, called conduit. Electrical metallic tubing, or EMT, is thin enough to bend and cut with hand tools and quickly connects via threaded or clamped fittings. Although electricians spend considerable time mastering conduit construction, you can easily learn how to cut EMT and make common bends, such as the 90-degree "stub" bend. Understanding the basics of working with metal conduit prepares you to handle exposed wiring applications and meet local code requirements.
Skateboarding is both a sport and a low-cost form of transportation. According to the Tony Hawk Foundation, approximately 13 million people in the United States skateboard. Skateboards consist of three main parts: a wooden deck that the skateboarder stands on, trucks attached to the bottom of the deck which hold the wheels, and the wheels. The decks are made of strips of wood that are glued and pressed together, and sometimes molded with the ends of the board bent upwards to form a nose and tail. If you want to make your own skateboard, begin by cutting a board out of a wooden blank.
Although trees are round, most building materials made from them, such as lumber and sheet materials, are flat, with straight edges. This leaves the woodworker in the position of creating curves from straight pieces when they are required. There are a number of methods and tools appropriate for the job. The most important factor, as with any woodwork cutting task, is to have accurate measurements before marking your part for cutting.
Metal cutting saw blades for tools that use circular blades do not typically resemble traditional cutting blades with teeth around the outside edge. Instead, a solid abrasive disc is used to make the cuts. The disks are made from an abrasive mix of grit and adhesive, formed into a circle, with a fiber webbing running through it.
Safety is a primary focus when working with wood. Woodworking machines are dangerous because operators work in close proximity to them, and the machines are extremely sharp and run at a high velocity. You should stay alert and follow some basic rules to cut and bore wood safely.
Performance arts such as theater, dancing and magic are hobbies that encourage kids to learn new skills, problem-solve, communicate and express themselves. Support these beneficial activities by building a simple wooden stage for your young star. Two layers of plywood make the stage sturdy, and 2-by-4 boards form a supporting platform underneath. Use the stage to make a formal performance area for your kids to use during a special event such as a family reunion, scout meeting or birthday party.
Plexiglass is the common name for clear, acrylic plastic sheeting. A popular brand name of the material is Plexiglas. Often used as a glass substitute, plexiglass is less expensive and less rigid than glass. As a plastic, plexiglass is prone to melting if cut with too much friction and, despite its softness, the material is brittle enough to chip and shatter if too much force is used when cutting. Sheets of the acrylic that are thinner than 0.25 inches can be trimmed by scoring and snapping off the excess, but saws are necessary for material 0.25 inches and thicker.
Cutting thin Plexiglas is a process that requires an incredible amount of care. The thin design of Plexiglas makes it very easy to tear the material as cutting takes place, which creates unnecessary wastage. However, there are several ways to cut Plexiglas that guarantee a smooth, even and precise edge. The cutting method depends on the thickness of the Plexiglas; the thinner the material, the greater the caution that needs to be exercised.
Metal pipe provides the malleability and durability required for many heavy duty applications. Like any manufacturing material, metal can corrode and eventually fail. For this reason, manufacturers often use stainless steel for essential parts. Stainless steel provides the durability and corrosion resistance required in heavy duty applications. Pipe made from this uniquely tough material requires special techniques for cutting and finishing.
You finally cut down that old, drought-blighted pine tree. Now your inner crafter keeps chiding you about wasting the wood. With the needles still in your hair and the sawdust fresh in your nostrils, you picture the possibilities. While some of these ideas require more work than others, options range from items that require a few simple saw cuts to carving projects that may take several days to finish.
Serious barbecue cooks demand smoker grills, with covers, separate fireboxes and cooking compartments and designs to have wood smoke flow around the meat. Weekend grillers are less picky -- a box to hold charcoal and a grate for hamburgers or steaks is just fine. Building a big smoker oven is a major undertaking. Making a basic charcoal grill just requires a round container and some metalworking or welding skill.
Every desk built today, almost without exception, has a mixture of plywood and hardwood in its construction. Hardwood plywood, including maple, is flatter, more durable and easier to finish than solid hardwood. By mixing them together, desks and other maple furniture items are stronger, easier to build and will last longer.
Rough rock is a stone or mineral in its natural state, such as what you might find at a riverbank, outcropping or beach. Once it is cut and polished, this rock has a variety of uses, such as for jewelry stones, building materials like tiles or bricks, and carved ornamental statues. Most applications require that you cut the rock to a specific size or shape. You can use a variety of tools -- traditional hand and power tools or specialized lapidary equipment -- to cut the rock. Regardless of the tool that you use to cut the rock, you should always wear safety goggles, a dust mask and gloves as protection from rock chips and particulates.
Cutting through metal isn't as easy as cutting through wood, but there is a wide selection of tools that will do it. That selection narrows when the metal is thick, though; and when you're working in a confined space, such as you're likely to be when cutting through an electrical box, the selection narrows further to a choice of two: a drill or a rotary tool fitted with a metal-cutting wheel. Because a rotary tool is smaller and easier to handle than a drill, and it develops more rotational speed, it's the better choice.
Different stress factors, angles and math are involved in setting the correct angle for wood planing; these factors are best left to engineers. Real woodworkers use hands-on mechanics, trial, error and observations to get good results when operating planers and adjusting planer knife angles. Start at standard settings and adjust from there.
Cutting stair jacks, or stringers, is a challenging construction project. There are software programs designed to ease the job of making mathematical calculations for design of the stair jacks. However, once the technical considerations of stair design are understood, anyone who can do simple mathematical calculations can lay out a stair jack. Local building codes govern specifics of staircase design, so contact your local building inspection department for information before cutting stair jacks. Avoid making mistakes in cutting stair jacks by using a story pole, suggests Tate Baynor, a 25-year veteran of the construction industry.
Stair trim can be delicate work. Often, small pieces of trim no more that 1/4-by-3/4 inch is mitered and installed under the ends or around stair balusters or spindles. These small pieces can number into the hundreds. Without proper cutting techniques, this can turn into a nightmare. Use a few tricks that trim carpenters apply to make the job go smoothly.
Tastes in jewelry design change, and you may have pieces of silver jewelry you would like to recycle to keep up with current trends. Rather than sell the jewelry to get cash to buy new silver, you can melt the old rings to make new rings. Melting silver requires specialized equipment, so this is not a process for the one-time, do-it-yourself project. However, if you already work with silver jewelry and want to expand your skill set, melting and molding your own silver designs will give you greater freedom to express your artistic talents.
Rosary beads can be made from an array of materials. Anything from peach pits to gold can be used. However, it's much easier to make some form of dough from ingredients such as flour, water, glue, paper, rose petals, twigs and perhaps a touch of paint and sealant. String them on dental floss or fishing line with contrasting spacer beads and your rosary will be ready to take to Mass.
Octagons are eight-sided figures often used by landscapers, carpenters or woodworkers. They can be built around trees for borders, for picture frames, or for anything that is cylindrical or round in shape. It takes eight individual pieces of wood to make an octagon, all cut exactly the same. You can do it with a common miter saw.
Queen Anne chairs have a unique style of their own, but sometimes they need updating to fit with modern decor. With some new upholstery fabric, some sanding and a little paint or wood stain, an old Queen Anne chair can become a piece of furniture to be proud of. Keep your eyes open at garage sales or thrift stores for Queen Anne chairs that you can update and turn into eye-catching accent chairs for your home.
Fire escape ladders can mean the difference between life and death in an emergency situation. With a variety of fire escape ladders on the market, you have many choices about which kind of ladder would work best for your home. Attaching a ladder permanently to the outside of your house takes some consideration. You may want to attach a ladder that is not accessible from the ground to discourage burglars. You also need to consider the needs of the occupants of your home regarding which type of ladder would be easiest for them to use. Because there are many types of fire escape ladders, there are several ways to permanently attach them to your home.
A sling bookshelf is simply a folded piece of fabric held up by rods. Store books in the bookshelf by placing them into the fabric fold. If made and installed correctly, a sling bookshelf will be strong enough to hold multiple books and will last over time. Choose fabric for the sling bookshelf that will coordinate with the color scheme and decor of the room it is to be hung in. Make multiple sling bookshelves to decorate a wall and hold your book collection.
Large gaps between the cut edge of tile and a doorway make the entire tile job look amateurish. When a professional tile setter lays tile in a doorway, the cuts fit tight against the doorjamb. Tile cuts in a doorway typically have an L- or U-shaped appearance. The cut pieces of tile slide under the casing trim surrounding the wall sides of the doorjamb, the doorstop surrounding the inside of the doorjamb and the baseboard trim covering the walls.
A tile made from onyx, a soft translucent stone, chips if an installer binds a cutting tool's blade. A cutting blade binds when the installer either applies too much pressure or twists the cutting blade while it remains in the cut's groove. Twisting the cutting blade makes the blade grab the side of the cut's groove on its way out of the tile, separating the top layer of onyx from the body of the tile. Tile installers bond onyx tile to its substrate with a white-colored tile setting mortar.
Bed frame headboards often have decorative raised panels and other intricate woodwork. If you have, or find, a decorative bed frame that you do not need or want as a bed, these large wood panels can be put to use as elements in a decorative bench. The simplest construction is the build a plywood box, then attach both headboard and footboard to it as legs.
When you cut a regular wood plank you need a handheld or high-powered saw to get the job done right. Wood is heavy, thick and sometimes difficult to penetrate unless you have the right tools. But if you have a job that requires you to cut plywood instead, you may have other options for cutting through this thinner, softer material.
Forage feeding is highly important for ruminant animals such as goats. When free-range feeding is not practical, goats are fed dry hay, along with their grain ration. Although the belief that goats will eat anything is myth, goats will chew on wood, making it necessary to use metal protection on feeders. The thing goats will not eat is hay on the ground. A feeder that allows minimal spillage is economical.
Lawn decorations are an effective way to add some life to your landscape. Wooden deer silhouettes will help add a peaceful, calm feel to your outdoor space. While you could purchase a wooden deer decoration for your yard, you can easily make your own as a do-it-yourself creative project using plywood. Plywood is an ideal material for wooden deer silhouettes because it is affordable, durable and easy to fabricate into lawn art.
Anyone who has ever peeked into a kitchen drawer filled with a jumble of flatware and utensils understands the importance of drawer organizers. These separate different types of flatware and utensils, giving you convenient access to what you need. Some flatware organizers move from the drawer to the serving table. These flatware caddies make serving as simple as organizing your flatware.
If you find yourself staring blankly at the department store jewelry case and thinking that none of the earrings suit your personal style, take matters into your own hands and become a DIY jeweler. Creating your own earrings in different styles requires only basic crafting supplies, so even if you have never made jewelry before, you can pick up the supplies and the skills you need in a relatively short amount of time; you can find craft earring studs and backs at most craft stores.
Most gas pipes are made of black iron, which is why they are often referred to as black pipe. Many home projects may require cutting gas pipe. It is important to follow proper procedures to facilitate cutting the pipe easily and safely. You can accomplish the task using the proper tools and procedure.
Wooden spinning tops have been a childhood favorite since the pre-colonial era. While you can buy a cheap plastic top for your kids nowadays, these tops break easily, and a wooden top will be extra special if you make it yourself. If you attach a string to the top, your children can make it go just by pulling the string.
Any cut in wood that is not 90 degrees is known as a miter cut. A miter cut can have two angles if one of the angles pertains to a tilted saw blade. A miter cut with a double angle is known as a compound miter. For a tilted angle mitered at 22.5 degrees, such as the one you might use on the back of a bench, you should tilt the saw blade to 3 degrees to create a compound miter. You may want to do a practice run on two pieces of plywood to get the feel for this specialized cut.
Stairs are one specialty that many trim carpenters shy away from. Their construction is typically simple, once the principles are understood. Tread length depends on the overall width of the stairs, plus any overlap you want in your design. It may also be affected by whether your stairs are built with open sides, with inside treads or against a wall.
Mortise and tenon are terms used to describe a woodworking joint. The mortise is a hole cut into wood. The tenon is a corresponding peg that fits into the mortise. Some woodwork production shops use a special machine to cut mortise holes, but you don't need a fancy machine to cut good mortises. You can cut them with other hand tools.
Depending upon the size and scale of the project, builders and renovators use several types of power tools to score, cut or drill concrete walls. Concrete cutting tools vary from lightweight, handheld tools to heavy-duty, engine-powered equipment. Many types of concrete tools are inexpensive, multipurpose and available at standard hardware stores. Alternatively, do-it-yourself builders can rent expensive, specialized equipment from rental yards or home improvement warehouses. If you learn about the characteristics and capabilities of common concrete cutting tools, you can choose equipment that suits your budget and the scope of your project.
A dado blade is useful for cutting 1/4-inch slots. This type of cut is often made to install plywood bottoms in drawers, for dividers in cabinets or anywhere a sliding or fixed plywood panel is needed. You can buy special 1/4-inch blades specifically designed for this purpose in any home improvement store. They have square teeth perfectly sized to fit 1/4-inch plywood. Install one on any table saw to cut slots in plywood or hardwood.
Fresh cedar has an appealing color and aroma, but it does require considerable preparation before it can be used as lumber. The moisture content in cedar is much lower than many other trees, even fresh from the field, but it is still about twice what it needs to be. To get it dried properly, you will need to mill it and sticker it to allow proper seasoning.
Wood lathe consists of thin wooden slats that are installed closely together onto the studs of a wall or the joists of a ceiling. Lathe is the base for plaster, which is applied on top of the wooden slats. If you have wooden lathe under the surface of your plaster ceiling, cutting a hole in it, such as for a light fixture, requires planning and smooth cutting movements.
Blue foam is medium-density foam. It's thicker than normal upholstery foam, which is usually tinted yellow. Blue foam is used when a stiffer cushion is required, such as on church kneelers, chair seats and backs, or anywhere a stiff, heavy cushion is needed. Blue foam comes from the factory in large rolls approximately 36 inches wide. It is unrolled, cut to width and then cut to specific sizes for application.
An arched doorway can add style to a home and creates an impressive entryway that is both grand and inviting. Although the prospect of creating an arched doorway may seem like a large job, it’s actually quite simple for anyone with basic woodworking skills. The task utilizes a basic method that can be used for all arched doorways, irrespective of size, and it requires no specialized tools or knowledge.
Regardless of the kind of tile you're cutting, the best method is to cut with the front of the tile facing up. The front is the side that will be exposed once you lay the tile. This method ensures the smoothest finished edge on the tile with the least amount of chipping.
Fiberglass is one of the most common materials for modern bathtubs and showers. Unlike with harder materials such as cast iron, the average homeowner with a little construction know-how can work with fiberglass to install his own bathtub. Part of this installation is creating holes in the side of the tub to accommodate faucet heads and overflow plates, and sometimes even the faucet knob or knobs themselves. Choosing a fiberglass tub means that you can make these holes yourself using a regular hole saw, rather than calling in an expert.
A walk-in shower's pan captures water that seeps past the floor tile and mortar bed. Weep holes around the pan's drain connection diverts water into the shower drain. A shower pan protects the walk-in shower's subfloor, curb and the bottom of the shower walls from water damage. Shower installers lay the shower pan material in a walk-in shower prior to installing the tile's backerboard. Smaller walk-in showers use a one-piece shower pan. Larger walk-in showers use a two-piece shower pan with a glued seam, sometimes called a welded seam.
Lap joints are two pieces of wood that lock together at 90 degrees. Lap joints are typically used when multiple sticks or pieces of lumber join together in grid patterns. They rely on matching precision cuts that correspond to each other and are usually produced on a table saw with a dado blade. After the saw is set up, you can run one joint at a time, or mass produce them if all of the pieces of wood are exactly the same size. Practice making a lap joint with two pieces of poplar.
Yard cleanup after a storm often leaves discarded trees and stumps on the curb to be disposed of as trash. Recycle some of that refuse into attractive and useful items instead. A little ingenuity can turn an old tree stump into a decorative clock for your counter or bedside table. Look for a stump piece that is about 12 inches in diameter with a slight taper so that the base is wider than the top.
A desk can be cut in half and mounted to a wall taking up half the space of the original desk. This is particularly helpful for anyone with limited space where every inch can make a huge difference in the usability of a room. Cutting a desk in half sounds more difficult than it is. Use sharp new blades in your tools and allow the saw to do the work for you. When you are done, you will have a more usable desk.
The structures that keep a living tree vertical remain strong after the tree is cut down, but they rely on each other for that strength. The annual rings in a stump or the end of a piece of wood show the long cellulose veins that carry water and nutrients up and down the tree. The veins also show up as the grain of sawn lumber and give long boards, planks and beams high strength. When wood is sliced thin, however, leaving just a few layers of veins to support each other, or cutting all of them short, they lose their strength and need support.
Flagstone is a popular and aesthetically pleasing material that is used for patios, walkways and decks. According to The Flagstone Experts, more than "100 types of flagstone exist throughout the U.S." Flagstones used for exterior purposes are often irregularly shaped pieces, which require minimal-to-no cutting, while interior projects often require accurate cutting techniques. For either application, interior or exterior, you need some sort of tools to get the job done.
Inlay is a technique involving cutting and placing a thin piece of wood into another piece of wood. Inlays are installed as an aesthetic design. Typically, inlays are a differing species of wood designed to add contrast to an existing wood project. For example, a maple inlay can be used on walnut, the lighter color maple standing out in the darker walnut. Inlays can be simple or ornate. Some woodworkers use routers or handheld rotary tools equipped with an engraving cutter to cut inlays, but it's also possible to use a sharp knife and cut one by hand.
Manufacturers make plywood from thin layers of wood called veneers. Cabinet-grade plywood has two sides sanded to a smooth finish. At least one side is made of veneer which comes from tree species such as oak, birch or maple. Plywood is prone to chipping when cut, but chips in the surface of cabinet-grade plywood are unacceptable because the plywood is intended to be used for cabinets or furniture. Cutting cabinet-grade plywood correctly eliminates or reduces chipping.
Shower pans are concrete bases that cover the floor of a shower to provide a sturdy base for tile or other materials. The front edge of the pan, called a curb, rises up by 3 to 4 inches to prevent water from leaking out of the shower. After the mortar for the pan is dry, you install a plastic membrane over it -- called a liner -- that waterproofs the shower floor. Installing the liner over the front curb requires careful folding and cutting.
Wood shops have one thing in common -- they use the common table saw. Table saw blades have different diameters, but only a few blade tooth configurations. Most craftsmen have several blades to choose from and will swap them out as needed. But some prefer to use one or two blades for every project. If space is at a premium in a home-based wood shop, woodworkers can use versatile rotary tools with interchangeable cutting accessories rather than invest in a dedicated table saw.
Joining two pieces of plywood together edge to edge poses a unique problem. Simply butting the two sheets together and gluing them results in a smooth but weak joint. Adding a gusset or butt plate to one side of the joint adds strength but can ruin the aesthetics of a smooth surface. A scarf joint is a compromise between a weak joint and smooth surface. Cutting the length of the joint at an acute angle increases the gluing surface and, as a result, the joint strength significantly.
The white birch trees (Betula papyrifera) of New England have been providing a valuable material to Native Americans for thousands of years. The bark of these trees is able to be harvested and is pliable enough to bend, sew, cut and flatten out without breakage. Like Native Americans, craft enthusiasts and furniture makers harvest the bark and use it for decorative or functional items. To begin using birch bark for any project, it first must be properly cut. Be sure to cut bark only from fallen or dead trees as cutting bark from live trees will kill the tree.
Napkin rings made from recycled materials not only add personality to your place setting, they save money and natural resources. Start with an object that's on its way to the dumpster or recycle bin and let your creativity go wild -- before long, you'll have napkin rings to match any occasion.
No matter how good you are with a circular saw, band saw or handsaw, you cannot cut perfectly straight lines every time without a table saw. Typically, most freehand cuts are not square, but you can repair those rough cuts with a table saw. The fence of a table saw is used to square boards. They are perfectly aligned with the saw blade. Table saws can square almost any rough-cut board by just trimming the edges.
In retail businesses, displaying your wares in a way that is pleasing to potential customers, encourages sales. This includes selling clothing. The very design of a shirt makes it a challenge to display. Large retail outlets can afford to purchase professionally made mannequins and racks. Small retailers, flea market vendors and yard sale operators running on small budgets must think of alternative display methods. A few pieces of wood is all it takes to build your own stand that will display any shirt in an intriguing manner.
Any cut other than 90 degrees is an angle cut. Angle cuts or "miters" allow woodworkers to join two or more pieces of wood together seamlessly. Both angle cuts should be exactly the same, with one left and one right. You can make woodworking angle cuts with almost any kind of saw including hand saws, but for the cleanest angle cuts use a power miter saw or a handheld cutting tool with a miter guide attachment. These types of tools have presets that lock in popular angles such as 22.5, 45 and 90 degrees.
Using a light box for crafting and other hobbies, such as photography and drawing, can make many tasks simpler. It aids in the creation of cut-and-paste layouts, allows you to trace with ease and makes translucent materials more visible. Constructing a light box is a fairly simple procedure that you can make with standard lumber and plexiglass. Use a fluorescent light fixture for best results.
Rebar is a type of steel bar that is used in reinforcing concrete. Rebar is often sold in long rods and must be cut to size. Rebar is made of carbon steel and is thicker than most electrical wire; therefore, cutting rebar requires a tool that is both hard enough to cut steel and large enough to accommodate the increased thickness (when compared to wire) of the rebar.
The American Lumber Congress first established nationwide standards for lumber dimensions in 1924 in the midst of the construction boom that followed World War I. The standards govern the sizes of dressed, or surfaced, and undressed, or rough-sawn, lumber. Standardization of lumber sizes and grades goes hand in hand with the Uniform Building Code to maintain safety of structures and regularity of building practices across the United States.
Medium-density fiberboard (MDF) is a type of hardboard used for cabinetry and other indoor building projects. Available in 4- or 5-by-8-foot sheets and in a range of thicknesses from 3/8 to 1 inch, it is manufactured by pressing together wood fibers suspended in a synthetic resin binder. Any tool that cuts wood will cut MDF, but the choice of cutting tool should take the particular characteristics of MDF into account.
Fascia is a material that is typically used as the finishing touch on woodworking or construction projects. It is glued and nailed to the front of cabinets, furniture, eaves, soffits or anywhere a solid border is needed to hide edges or to cover the edge where two different levels or materials intersect.
Anytime a project requires a round hole in a piece of flat material, look to your handheld rotary tool with a circle cutting attachment to get the job done. A circle cutting attachment has a pin at the center of the circle that functions as a pivot and guides the rotary tool around the circle. The result is a neat and cleanly cut round hole in the material. The attachments adjust to make holes less than 1 inch and up to 12 inches in diameter.
Whittling is a way of carving wood that makes extensive use of a knife. When done carefully, it is possible to whittle a piece of wood until a detailed object – such as a decorative rooster – appears from the original wood object. While it is possible to whittle an entire wood block or plank to create a decorative object, it is often faster to cut an outline of the object you wish to create and whittle the details into place.
Sheetrock, also called wallboard or drywall, is a gypsum product for sheathing interior walls. Manufacturers sandwich gypsum between two layers of paper and cut it to length. Sheetrock is sold in sheets 4 feet wide and from 8 to 16 feet long in various thicknesses. Product types include moisture-resistant drywall, plaster board and fire-rated drywall in addition to the standard 1/2-inch-thick drywall sheets used to finish the walls in most homes. Professional installers often refer to drywall installation as "hanging sheetrock" or "hanging rock."
A saw capable of cutting curves must have a narrow blade, and the actual width of the blade determines the sharpness of the curve that a particular saw can cut. Blades become less rigid and more breakable as they get thinner, however, so it can be difficult to cut sharp curves accurately in hard or thick wood. Jigsaws and rotary tools are useful for utility purposes when accuracy isn't the main concern.
Mitered edges run along one or both sides of mitered cabinet jambs, cabinet doors or anywhere that two pieces of plywood will be joined side by side at an angle that is not 90 degrees. Miters that are typically used more than others are 45, 30 and 22 1/2 degrees. There are settings on most woodworking equipment to allow for these miter degrees to be locked into place.
Metal 3-D suspended ceiling tiles fit into the same metal ceiling grid used by most drop-ceiling systems. The tiles are made from stamped sheets of metal with a relief profile on the visible face. Instead of laying on top of the grid, the tiles hang below it, suspended by a lip around the top edge of the tile. The tiles are cut and the lip reformed for the areas around the perimeter of the ceiling that are smaller than the 2-foot-by-2-foot tiles.
Puzzles, toys and other projects sometimes require cutting specific shapes. Creating geometric figures in the middle of a wood sheet such as plywood or MDF have three requirements: orientating the shape, laying out out the shape and cutting out the shape while leaving the surrounding sheet intact. A square has four sides and it is easiest to make them parallel to the sides of the sheet of wood, but virtually any orientation is possible.
Installation of ceramic tile requires making cuts around corners, doorjambs and other types of obstructions. Various types of tile-cutting tools are designed to make these types of cuts. In the past, tile nippers were the only tool available for cutting curves or trimming tile. Today, many options are available that simplify the tile-cutting process. Straight cuts usually incorporate a standard mechanical snap cutter while curved and circular cuts are made with handheld power tools. L-shaped cuts, like those required around doorjambs, are also cut using a power tool.
Drywall is a forgiving building material, and any small mistakes you make when making straight cuts can usually be covered by tape and joint compound. Nevertheless, installation goes more smoothly and finishing is less troublesome if your cuts are accurate. There are different techniques for making straight cuts in loose sheets of drywall and for those already installed. Neither is difficult, but they do produce dust, so it's always a good idea to cover the floor and any nearby furniture with plastic and to wear a dust mask.
Fiberboard is made from wood fibers that are held together by natural or artificial resins. Products include particle board, medium density fiberboard and hardboard used in the construction of homes and commercial buildings as sheathing product and as a backerboard for ceramic tile. Fiberboard is commonly supplied as 4-by-8-foot panels, but other sizes are available. Fiberboard is denser and heavier than many wood products, but cutting it is similar to cutting plywood, and the preferred method uses an electric saw.
Steel wire that contains a hot-dipped zinc coating is called galvanized steel wire. The galvanization process makes steel wire more resistant to rusting and can prolong the life of the wire. Interestingly, a galvanized steel wire can be cut as easily as an untreated steel wire. When working with galvanized wire that is thicker than 18 AWG, you may choose to cut this wire with wire-cutting diagonal shears; you can cut smaller-diameter wires (18 AWG or thinner) by using either diagonal shears or the cutting edge of a pair of needle-nose pliers.
Metal transition strips join two types of flooring together to provide a smooth transition between the two materials. Transition strips are available in different material types, with metal transitions being the most common when joining vinyl-flooring materials. Metal transitions usually mount to the substrate with screws, but it is also acceptable to glue them into place. It is common when using two types of flooring material to join them in doorways. By placing the transition or floor joint in a doorway, the door covers the transition when it is closed. Most metal transitional strips require cutting them to length during typical installation.
Cutting a piece of wood in a straight line is usually just a matter of taking steps to ensure that the speed of your cutting stays in line with your skill with the cutting tool used. Plywood adds an additional complication, however, because the layers of plywood are set in a pattern of alternating grains. This makes a truly smooth cut much harder to achieve, so extra care must be taken to ensure a straight cut.
Commonly used for shower floors and backsplashes, tumbled marble tile adds a natural beauty to these tile projects. The material is typically sold in 4-by-4-inch pieces but is also available in larger sizes. Since the material is a natural stone product, a typical snap-cut tile cutter is ineffective to cut the tile. Power tools equipped with a diamond-cutting blade or wet saws offer the most effective means to cut the stone.
One of the most fundamental axioms of carpentry and woodworking is to always cut wood with the grain, and many woodworking tools are designed with this in mind. The common image of a saw, for example, is usually a rip saw, which is designed to cut with the grain. Specialized crosscut tools, on the other hand, are necessary to cut against the grain. Cutting with the grain is fairly straightforward, with the main trick being identifying the grain in the first place.
Crown molding between the wall and ceiling breaks the monotony of flat walls and adds interest. A coped joint is preferable to a mitered joint when two pieces meet at an inside corner. Since walls rarely meet at perfect 90-degree angles and corners are finished with drywall compound, a tight-fitting miter joint is difficult to achieve. On outside corners, the angles for miter cuts are easily measured to fit two pieces tightly together.
Baseboards are used to cover the area where the flooring material meets the wall in a room. Many baseboards are cut with designs routed into them, and are not always the same length as your wall. If you need to cut a baseboard to size, you will need to use either a manual or powered miter saw. A manual miter saw is used in conjunction with a miter box to create a clean, angled cut in across the baseboard; a powered miter saw can be adjusted to make the same cut, but without a miter box.
Cutting particle board presents a few more problems than cutting plywood or medium-density fiberboard (MDF). Like plywood and MDF, particle board comes in 4-by-8-foot sheets, and they may be laminated with a plastic coating. Because it is formed by gluing together relatively large wood chips and sawdust, however, it is much more prone to chipping than either of the other materials. Chipped edges can make for unattractive cabinets and fixtures, but you can avoid them by following a few strategies. Two of the most important are to use sharp cutting blades and to keep your tools properly aligned.
Durock Cement Board is a product meant for use as a substrate for tiling. The boards are comprised of a cement core wrapped in fiberglass. The product is durable and can hold up against water, which makes it an adequate underlayment for tiles. Working with cement board is similar to working with drywall, except for the added weight and hardness. Though your razor blades won't hold up for long, the tried and true method of scribing and snapping still works.
Auto hobbyists and handypersons sometimes have the need to cut aluminum sheeting, and don't always have the luxury of going to a metalworking shop to take care of it. Thankfully, aluminum is strong, but not as tough as steel, and sheeting is thin to begin with. Cutting thin aluminum should require no more than a few basic tools, and is therefore a task that can be easily tackled either on the spot or from any reasonably well-equipped garage.
Plywood is a manufactured by gluing layers of wood veneers together to form a 4-by 8-foot sheet of material. Because plywood is resistant to warping, shrinking and cracking, it offers a high degree of strength in such projects as cabinets, sheathing and other projects that require these attributes. Most of these types of projects will require cutting a straight edge on the plywood at some point during the construction process. The most common methods of cutting plywood involve using a power tool.
The U.S. Gypsum company markets drywall under the brand name Sheetrock, and since it is a pioneer in drywall production, builders traditionally use the two words interchangeably. When finishing Sheetrock, they use flexible tape for flat seams and inside corners and rigid beading for outside corners. Regular corner beading forms a 90-degree edge, so when the installation calls for rounded corners, they use bullnose beading instead. It can be made of steel or plastic and can be attached with fasteners, adhesive or joint compound. Whatever the fastening method, all bullnose beading looks the same on a finished wall.
Fiberglass reinforced plastic, or FRP, panels are a wall or ceiling covering usually installed over drywall. The product is sold in 4-by-8-foot sheets in a variety of textures and colors and is glued and riveted to the drywall. The thin, waterproof panels are suitable for installation in damp or wet areas including showers and tub surrounds. The thin panels require support while cutting. The plastic sawdust is messy; a saw with dust collector makes cleanup easier and prevents the dust from obscuring the cutting line.
A bevel is one of two possible angle cuts a woodworker can make. Unlike a miter, which is an angle cut across the face of a board, a bevel changes the angle of the board edge. Woodworkers bevel boards or sheets of plywood along their lengths or on their ends in order to join them to create geometrical shapes, and they also bevel board edges for purely decorative reasons. It is difficult to cut bevels with any degree of precision while using hand tools. Consequently, woodworkers turn to power tools like the table saw, compound miter saw and router.
Concrete backer board is a cement-based material used as a substrate for tile and stone installation. The material provides a solid and water-resistant surface for attaching the tile or stone. Installing the cement backer board requires cutting the material to length at some point during its installation. Other common cuts associated with the installation of cement backer board are circular cuts required around plumbing pipes, fixtures and controls.
Making a spear shaft is a basic woodcrafts project that might appeal to historians, prop managers, reenactors or someone who wants that extra something special for a Halloween costume. The spear need not even be dangerous, since the spear head could be made from foam or plastic, and even a metal spearhead can have a buttoned tip. Making the spear requires only a few tools and no specialized skills; the trickiest part might turn out to be finding suitable wood for the shaft.
Handmade bookshelves add character to any home or business. You can make them out of solid wood to add value and craftsmanship to any room. Handmade bookcase shelves differ from pre-made bookcases, which sometimes use adjustable shelves. Handmade bookshelves have shelves that are fixed in place and use supports that do not touch the floor.
Crafting even intricate designs into terra cotta pots is amazingly easy with the help of the Dremel Rotary Tool. The lightweight, cordless Model 8000 used for this project is extremely maneuverable, and the comfort-grip housing gives you maximum control. Without a cord in your way, and with a little practice, you may even start cutting your own custom designs in pots of all sizes.
Installing gutter guards on your gutters and replacing deteriorated downspouts are great ways to head off water damage to the house. Cutting them for installation is a simple project when you use a high-speed Dremel Rotary Tool. The Dremel attachments used in this project ensure quick and clean cuts that will have your gutters and downspouts in great shape in no time.
Wainscoting and baseboard trim are attractive room elements that also serve to protect walls and hide the gap between the flooring and the wall. Clean, precise cuts are the key to making both wainscoting and baseboard trim look sharp and fit flawlessly in place. The Dremel Saw-Max is perfect for making all the necessary straight, clean, and precise cuts.
Recessed fixtures can provide excellent ambient or task lighting. In most cases, adding recessed lighting to a finished room means cutting into the ceiling. The Model 6800 Dremel Trio Power Tool makes it easy to cut drywall, even above your head. The Circle Cutter/Edge Guide Attachment allows you to cut circles between 4 inches and 13 inches in diameter. And with speeds ranging from 10,000 to 20,000 revolutions per minute, the tool does all the work while you take all the credit.
Traditionally, one of the trickiest parts of laying new flooring is cutting an existing doorjamb to allow the new flooring to slide underneath its edge. The Dremel Multi-Max Oscillating Power Tool handles this project with ease. The Multi-Max fits comfortably in your hand for precise cuts in tight areas, allows dust to fall to the floor rather than propelling it into the air, and can make cuts up to 1 ¼ inches deep.
Repairing, moving or removing a plumbing fixture or water heater often requires cutting plastic or metal pipe. Using a pipe cutter or hacksaw can be awkward in tight spaces. The Dremel 4000 High Performance Rotary Tool, outfitted with a Right Angle Attachment, makes hard-to-reach areas instantly accessible.
Adding a central humidifier system to your ducted ventilation system helps humidify your entire house during dry, uncomfortable weather. Ducts come in standard lengths, and you have to cut them to fit your ventilation system. The Model 6800 Dremel Trio Power Tool cuts faster and more comfortably than a tin snip, making short work of the project.
You don’t need a full workshop to cut, sand, and rout a professional-quality wood sign, such as an address marker. With help from the Dremel Trio and the Dremel Multi-Max, you can cut, sand and rout an attractive marker in one afternoon.
One type of laminating is the process of gluing wood together. It may involve flat pieces of plywood, lengths of hardwood, thin pieces of veneer, stacks of lumber or any other configuration of wood that is glued together using adhesive and pressure. Common woodworking techniques involve the use of sawhorses and clamps and can be done in any garage or wood shop.
Sheets of plywood are a common material for use in construction and woodcrafts projects because it is both cheap and durable. Cutting a sheet of plywood is similar to cutting most other pieces of wood, with the complication that plywood lacks a "grain" to cut with or against. Plywood is made up of layers of wood chips and shavings that are glued together, with each layer laid in an alternating grain, so every cut is probably both with and against the grain at the same time. The nature of plywood means a little extra care should be taken to ensure a good cut.
Fiberglass sheeting is a versatile material used in homes, out-buildings and in marine applications. Home improvement buffs might use it to build a shower stall or to roof a tool shed, while a boating hobbyist might use fiberglass in building or modifying a boat. With the appropriate tools and a little preparation, cutting fiberglass is as simple a procedure as cutting other, more familiar materials.
A home improvement buff, carpenter or construction worker might find themselves cutting notches into the wood studs behind a wall to route or re-route pipes, ducts and wiring. The cutting of these notches is a straightforward procedure, requiring no specialized skills. However, notch-cutting in wood studs is complicated by the requirements of local building codes, which limit how deep a stud can be depending on the function of the stud in question.
A trivet is nothing more than a flat surface upon which you can place hot pans, plates or dishes. By placing your hot dinnerware on the trivet, you spare your counters and table tops from heat damage. While a simple unfinished square of hard wood would do the trick, you would be wise to put a bit of extra effort into the project. By creating a square with opposing grooves on the top and bottom, known as a waffle cut, you'll end up with a stylish trivet that provides excellent airflow to help disburse heat.
Carbide is an industrial steel applied to blades, bits and other tools used to cut hardwood. Carbide, also known as tungsten carbide, has a formula consisting of half tungsten and half carbide and is three times stiffer than the steel commonly used on other types of wood-cutting tools. Woodcutting tools tipped with carbide have distinct advantages over standard woodworking tools.
Laminates are thin sheets of hard, extremely durable materials bonded to kitchen countertops to make them waterproof and provide an attractive workspace. Laminates come in all colors and patterns to customize any kitchen. There is no secret to laminate installation. You can install laminate with a few tools in one afternoon.
Curved plywood is often used in home building for window transoms and structural arches. Plywood curves can be cut with a handheld multipurpose tool. The procedure of cutting curves is simple enough; the hard part is drawing an accurate curve. This should be done with a stick and a pencil. When cutting radius curves out of plywood, the layout is the important part.
Underlayment is a product that is installed beneath tiling to provide a solid, even and water-resistant surface to work on. The most common form of underlayment is cement board, which is almost like a heavy drywall sheet. This product is made from a cement core wrapped in fiberglass. It’s extremely durable, but can be cut with a basic utility knife. The use of a power tool can speed up the process and allow for irregular cuts.
There are several options for cutting baseboard. Power tools are the most efficient, but some handheld tools can cut more delicately. The easiest way to cut baseboard is the method that works best in a particular situation and depends of what tools you have available.
Making a freestanding shelving unit for the garage is a good project for the beginning or novice woodworker, and it's one that someone with more experience can tackle in less than an hour. The basic job involves little more than cutting a few boards from plywood sheets and fastening them together, although you can elaborate in several ways. For example, you can shape or trim the board edges, or you can make a variety of shelves of different widths. Garage shelves on which you're likely to store motor oil, paint and old tools seldom need much elaboration, however.
Construction of a building requires the participation of workers from many trades, including carpentry, masonry and plumbing and electrical. While many of the tools each tradesman uses are specific to the job he has to perform, others are used in every trade. Therefore, although workers usually bring their own hand and power tools to a site, general contractors usually make sure certain stationary and auxiliary tools are available for everyone.
The term "luan" refers to a soft wood that comes from a number of species that originate in Southeast Asia, and while luan is sometimes called Philippine mahogany, it bears little relationship to true mahoganies. Plywood made by cutting veneer slices from luan and laminating them together is relatively inexpensive and is a good choice for toys and various household projects. The surface veneer is frequently precariously thin, however, and it splinters readily when you cut the plywood unless you take a few precautions. One of the most important is to use a sharp blade.
While spears were often used for fighting throughout history, they aren’t always a weapon. If you find yourself in a survival situation, you may have to make a spear of your own to use as a tool. You can make one out of basic supplies that will be perfectly capable of taking small game and fishing. You don’t even need a spear head for this primitive design. It won’t be pretty, but it will get the job done. Make your spear in advance of a rustic camping trip to take advantage of power tools that make the job easier.
Plywood has several virtues, especially when used to make paneling. As a manufactured product, plywood lumber isn't as dependent on the size or shape of trees as real wood, and can be made into very large, very thick panels if needed. Plywood is also stronger than its equivalent in real wood, but that causes a small problem in cutting it. Plywood's strength comes from its many layers being laid out in an alternating pattern of wood grains, but most saws are made to cut either with the grain (ripping) or against the grain (crosscutting).
Plywood comes as both a softwood and a hardwood product, and within each format the plywood is made from a variety of wood types. One example of hardwood plywood is made from oak, and oak plywood usually features a solid oak veneer. Cutting oak plywood presents a carpenter with two complications. One is the toughness of the wood vis-a-vis the more common soft plywood, and the other is preventing the solid oak veneer from splintering along the cutting line.
Wood veneering has a long history, and while many contemporary craftspeople continue to use time-tested techniques and materials, they have more options than their forbears. Modern glues, in particular, set faster and hold better than hide glue, which, until the 20th century, was the only adhesive available for the job. Veneering with synthetic glue requires a different approach than that used by traditional craftspeople, because the veneer either sticks instantly or must be clamped.
Moldings are often used to enhance the warmth or beauty of a room. A crown molding is a type of molding that is used to cap a wall or cabinet. When two walls come together at a corner, two pieces of crown molding must be cut to match the angle where the walls come together. Since not all walls are exactly square, it may be necessary to cut the pieces of crown molding at an odd angle for the moldings to fit together properly.
Wooden outdoor seating is found in almost every backyard. Some are designs that have been around for many years, and some are basic, three-piece concepts. You can forage for your own materials and build seats from scratch, or buy kits with all the parts needed. Whatever style you choose, it will add character to any patio or outdoor setting.
Wooden bed frames are quick and easy to make from lumber available at any lumber yard or home improvement store. The length and width of the box spring determine the size of the frame. The box spring is supported by 2-by-6 lumber and held in place by 2-by-8 trim pieces that capture the spring and prevent it from slipping off the frame. A link to standard mattress sizes is provided in the Resource Section.
Plastic laminate is a durable, waterproof covering often used for kitchen and bathroom countertops. Sheets are typically 1/16 inch thick, and are usually installed on a substrate of plywood or medium-density fiberboard with contact cement. You can use several tools to cut laminates, including a table saw or handheld power saw, a utility knife, a router or a hand slitter. The best cutting approach depends on whether you're rough cutting or finishing edges.
While some people prefer chirping, colorful birds, others prefer to watch the antics of busy squirrels in their backyards. Just as installing a birdhouse or birdbath ensures a stable bird population, putting up a squirrel box guarantees the constant comings and goings of those furry rodents. What is more, building a squirrel box requires only basic carpentry skills and a modest set of tools, making it a logical project for a novice woodworker.